Session 2, Education for democratic citizenship and democratic culture



Basic Topics
  1. Citizenship
  2. Citizenship education
  3. Civic duty
  4. Democracy
  5. Constitution
  6. Rule of law
  7. Authoritarianism
  8. Patriotism
  9. Nativism
The duration of the session is 9 hours (3 reading + 3 learning + 3 working/practicing)

The Objectives of this session are:

  • Support students in developing in-depth, critical understanding of the role of education and particularly of formal education in the development of children’s / young citizens’ political socialisation. 
  • Guide students in developing in-depth, critical understanding of current challenges in the area of democracy and the role of Education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC), Human Rights Education (HRE) and Intercultural Education (IE).
  • Develop students’ confidence in leading initiatives and developing educational programmes on EDC/HRE/IE.
  • Familiarise students with key tools on EDC/HRE including the Council of Europe’s Charter on EDC-HRE and the EDC-HRE teaching resource series.
Learning outcomes

After completion of the session students will:

  1. Have a clear understanding of the different types of citizens and educational strategies that promote them;
  2. Be aware of challenges to democracy and ways that learning in the classroom, school-wide and the community can promote CDCs that address these;
  3. Reflect on the aforementioned in developing methods for their own classrooms that promote the development of competences for democratic culture.
Outcomes and CDC
  • Knowledge and critical understanding
    • Including politics, law, human rights, cultures, religion, etc.
      • 117: Can explain the meaning of basic political concepts, including democracy, freedom, citizenship, rights and responsibilities (basic)
      • 124: Can reflect critically on the relationship between human rights, democracy, peace and security in a globalised world (intermediate)
      • 130: Can describe the diverse ways in which citizens can influence policy (advanced)
      • 108: Can reflect critically on his/her own values and beliefs (intermediate)
  • Values
    • Valuing democracy, justice, fairness, equality and the rule of law
      • 301: Argues that schools should teach students about democracy and how to act as a democratic citizen (basic)
      • 303: Argues that laws should always be fairly applied and enforced (basic)
      • 308: Argues that democracy should always be protected and respected as an essential foundation for acting together with others in society (intermediate)
      • 312: Expresses the view that all people and institutions should be subject to and accountable to the law (intermediate/advanced)
      • 313: Expresses the view that there should be a transparent legal system, including a clear set of laws that are freely and easily accessible to all (intermediate/advanced)
      • 316: Expresses the view that law-making should be controlled by persons who have been elected by and are accountable to the people (intermediate/advanced)
      • 321: Expresses the view that the legal system should have fair and transparent enforcement structures and procedures (advanced)
  • Attitudes
    • Civic Mindedness
      • 607: Expresses an interest in public affairs and issues (intermediate)
      • 609: Expresses acceptance of the obligations of belonging to a community (intermediate)
      • 610: Expresses commitment to sustaining and safeguarding the human rights of other people (intermediate)


A series of resources that the student teacher must study in this session and a series of additional resources for further study.

A full paper and additional e-lessons on the topics of the session and additional interactive presentation of the materials, for the student teachers to study all the materials in a row.

A series of authentic, up to date and relevant activities with their accompanying materials, which deliver the intended learning outcomes of the session and are carried out face to face or E-learning with groups of student teachers

Several types of questions to evaluate how much the student teachers have learned throughout the session (reading material, learning material and workshop)